Zhoushan Islands have a long history. According to archaeological discoveries, as early as the Neolithic Age, 5,000 years ago, there were people living in Zhoushan Islands. In the relics of Maao Town located in the northwest of Zhoushan Islands, aboriginals built 99 earth mounds by the sea and created mysterious and brilliant “Hemudu Culture of Sea Islands”. Maao Town is thus known as the “First Village in the East China Sea."
According to Historical Records, Xufu of Qin Dynasty looked for magic medicines for immortality in Penglai Islands, Fangzhang Islands, Yingzhou Islands by the southeast coast of China, among which “Penglai Islands” is today`s Daishan Islands in Zhoushan. According to analysis by historians, Xu Fu went through Zhoushan Islands during his trip to Japan and now Daishan Island built there are "Xufu Pavilion", “Monument for Trip to Japan" and other constructions built on Daishan Islands.
In 1979, archaeologists found a 140-thousand-centare ancient cultural site in earth mounds of Maao town, Dinghai District, Zhoushan City which is a coastal hilly plain. After initial excavation, they found 12 Neolithic sites with a cultural layer whose thickness is 60-80 cm and unearthed a number of stone and pottery. There are also some sites of Shang and Zhou Dynasties with a large amount of unearthed hard pottery with printed words. Archaeologists believe that this is the initial collective residential region of Zhoushan ancestors. There is a relatively complete neolithic original potting area with an area of 1000 square meter in Yang Tan Lane, Maao Town, Dinghai District. Most unearthed pieces of red sandy earthenware have traces of rice. Experts thus believe that people began to plant a large number of rice in 5000 years ago in the Zhoushan Islands which was the sea channel to spread Chinese rice to Japan.